Why has non-violent India become so violent?


Many seekers of wisdom and inner peace make their way to India, hoping to find a path to spirituality and enlightenment

Some succeed in finding what they were looking for, while others return with disappointment, disillusionment, and often a severe Delhi belly

On the diplomatic front, India has traditionally espoused non-violence

At the United Nations, India most often advocates the use of peaceful means to solve disputes around the world

The country has not initiated any wars, even in a tense neighbourhood and in the face of some serious provocation

Historically, it has hardly ever sought to invade other territories in order to expand outwards

In fact, India has borne the brunt of massive invasions throughout the course of history

Many argue that this pacifist mindset allowed invaders to conquer it with extreme brutality and firmly establish themselves within its borders

Even India’s road to independence from colonial rule was paved with the asphalt of non-violence

Sure there were elements that fought the might of the British Empire with fire, it was ultimately the peaceful mass movements like non-cooperation, Satyagraha, and civil disobedience that captured the world’s attention

Of course, Britain’s post-war decline contributed to its inability to hold on to its colonial possessions, but the headlines and history books will always cite the non-violent rebellion as a landmark

Under this overarching image of peace and an aversion to violent ways, lies the contradiction of rampant everyday violence within society

One would expect a country that has given the world “ahimsa” and yoga to also be at peace with itself

Unfortunately that is not always the case

While post-partition India has largely escaped mass slaughters, ethnic violence, or random violent crime of the scale seen in many other parts of the world, it still grapples with crime, insurgencies and communal unrest on an ongoing basis

These are undoubtedly serious issues for the country and need to be tackled at multiple levels, using multiple levers and are therefore not the dimension of violence that we seek to explore today

The focus is on the high degree of low intensity inter-personal violence experienced in Indian society

So while internationally India talks and acts peace, it is ironic that its citizens often do not extend each other the same courtesy

The use of violence to resolve an issue is never too distant from most spheres of everyday life

A great example of this is witnessed on India’s roads

An accident is not followed by the involved parties sharing insurance information and getting in touch the cops

Both sides alight from their respective vehicles and start yelling at each other, and often this verbal altercation turns into a full-fledged brawl to settle the issue

Might, or the perception of it, eventually decides which party wins damages

It’s not just accidents that result in physical confrontation

Not yielding to the other driver, overtaking someone, or even giving an admonishing glance to an erring driver can result in some serious fighting

Violence is also used commonly to settle differences

Fights often break out between patrons at roadside dhabas

Neighbours often quarrel and even fight over the volume of music played during social functions

Land disputes and business disagreements often end up in a vicious cycle of violence

Consenting couples, getting cozy in public places are beaten up by the self appointed guardians of morality

https://www

youtube

com/watch?v=aEzkzf7lu1s Political protests often turn violent with severe damage to public property

Buses are burnt and buildings are vandalised, often at the slightest provocation

If a bus driver hits a pedestrian, no one waits to see what punishment the law will give him

He will be dragged out and given a major thrashing

When justice is perceived as uncertain, the mob mentality takes over and justice is meted out by the mob, on the spot

Women and children, the most vulnerable sections of society, are often at the receiving end

In a society where might is right, the male child will always be preferred, at the cost of the female child, and this results in the further distortion of the socio-economic environment

Salman Khurshid, India’s ex-Foreign Minister spoke strongly about maintaining peace at any cost across the borders, even in the face of provocation, during his tenure

However, the same gentleman had no hesitation in threatening his critics with serious consequences if they dared to set foot in his constituency

https://www

youtube

com/watch?v=bjMUHrByBB4 All in all, the recourse to violence in everyday personal life is all too pervasive in India and the long-standing culture of “ahimsa” seems to have been ignored by its people

Why has this happened? There are three broad reasons for this

[poll id="673"] Pressures and hardship in the struggle for daily survival Life in India is not easy for the common man

Resources are scarce and everyday there is a struggle to get the basics

One has to contend with lines for filling water, power outages, crowded public transportation, broken infrastructure and inadequate public services

Employment opportunities are still limited, and one is constantly under pressure to compete

In the face of all this adversity, it is very easy to loose one’s cool and explode with violent fury to let out one’s frustrations at the smallest pretext

It is easy to follow “dharma” or “ahimsa” in sprawling ashrams, serene mountains, the broad avenues of South Block in Lutyens’ Delhi, or even the abundant landscapes of Scandinavia, but harder to adhere to them in the pressure cooker of the daily challenges of life in India

Lack of faith in the system In India, the system often does not work

You can stand in line for hours, but at the end there is no surety that you will get the service you had lined up for, be it seats on a bus or getting to talk to a government clerk, or even crossing a traffic light in an orderly fashion

In such an environment, everybody is constantly on edge and jockeying for the slightest advantage, which leads to confrontation and conflict

No fear of consequences The delivery of justice in India is very tenuous

Inefficient policing combined with an over-burdened judiciary makes it easy for people to take matters in their own hands and get away with it

The writ of the state is absent in large swathes of the country and that makes it very easy for someone who has some semblance of strength, to impose their will on a weaker adversary

The state is unable or unwilling to exercise its power to protect, and bullies can go about bullying with impunity and not worry about getting arrested or punished

India must address all these factors to ensure that it preserves its beautiful tradition of spirituality and ahimsa and enables its people to walk on the peaceful path towards enlightenment, prosperity, and progress

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Date:09-Aug-2016 Reference:View Original Link