Life after abrogation of IIOJK’s autonomy


In 2019, BJP revoked the special status of then Jammu and Kashmir, and illegally integrated it with India

I was studying in India at the time while my family was in Kashmir

Due to the communication blockade, I was not able to connect with them for a very long time

I still remember how difficult it was for me to live far from home and not hearing back from my family

The history of India, Pakistan and Kashmir may be intertwined but such stories remain at the very heart of it

It all started after partition

The British did not divide the princely states since they were ruled by princes

In fact, they never had proper control over these states to begin with

To solve this issue, India created the ‘Instrument of Accession’ that allowed the princely states to accede to India

Most of the princely states acceded except Jammu and Kashmir

The region was different from other princely states as it was Muslim majority by population, most of whom wanted to accede to Pakistan but was ruled by a Hindu king named Maharaja Hari Singh

The king neither acceded to India nor Pakistan and decided to remain independent

After doing so, Pakistan tried to enter its territory to take control

In order to defend his state, the Maharaja asked India for military help but India only agreed to help if Jammu and Kashmir acceded to India

The Maharaja signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’ on 26th October, 1947

This day is considered as a ‘Black Day’ for the Kashmiris

Resultantly, the war led to the division of the state into two regions

Around one-third of the territory was taken by Pakistan and the rest acceded to India

Later in 1962, China took the Aksai-Chin area of Jammu and Kashmir thereby making it a tripolar dispute between India, Pakistan and China

Since the accession of Jammu and Kashmir was not acceptable by the people, the Indian government gave it special status

In the Presidential order of 1954, Article 370 and 35(a) were drafted in the Constitution of India to guarantee this special status

Article 370 was drafted in Part XXI of the Indian Constitution with the title of “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions

” It guaranteed special status and power to Jammu and Kashmir to have their separate Constitution, a state flag, and autonomy of internal administration, defence and communication

Article 35(a) of the Indian Constitution, allowed the state legislature of Jammu and Kashmir to define their people as the states “permanent residents

” All the residents had a state subject or a resident proof which gave them fundamental rights, citizenship, right to own and buy a property in the state

As a result of this article, anyone outside the region couldn’t purchase property in the state

On 31st October 2019, the parliament of India gave the order of re-organising Jammu and Kashmir into two was union territories — Jammu and Kashmir was one and Ladakh was the other

In their 2019 election manifesto, BJP promised to remove the Articles 370 and 35(a) to end terrorism and integrate Jammu and Kashmir with India

Many scholars claim that the removal of these Articles happened with the intension to change the demography of the region

Since the removal of these articles, the legislative framework of the region has started to change

For example, in colleges 50% of seats are reserved just for Indians

Such changes have angered the locals as they feel neglected in their own land

Post 2019, the Indian government claims that everything is ‘normal’ in the region and since then large number of Indians have started visiting

However, despite the changes, insurgency still exists

Almost every day we hear about encounters and attacks in various parts of the region

The vicious cycle still continues



Date:06-Feb-2023 Reference:View Original Link